What is Posttraumatic Strss Disorder

You feel on edge. Nightmares keep coming back. Sudden noises make you jump. You're staying at home more and more. Could you have posttraumatic stress disorder

If you have experienced severe trauma or a life-threatening event - weather during a time of war or in a noncombat situation - you may develop symptoms of posttraumatic stress, or what is commonly known as PTSD. May be during the event you felt as if your life or the lives of others were in danger or that you had no control over what was happening. While in the military, you may have witnessed people being injured or dying, or you may have experienced physical harm yourself.

Some of the most common symptoms of PTSD include reoccurring memories or nightmares of the event, sleeplessness, loss of interest and the feeling of numbness, anger or irritability, or being constantly on guard, but there are many ways PTSD can impact your every day life. Sometimes these symptoms don't surface four months or even years after the event occurred or after returning from deployment. They may also come and go. If these problems persist or they'er disturbing your daily life, you may have PTSD.

​Even though I knew they were just fireworks on the 4 of July, to me they still sounded like incoming mortars. It took me right back to my deployment...

Some factors can increase the likelihood of a dramatic event leading to PTSD, such as

.The intensity of trauma.
.Being hurt or losing someone you were close to.
.Being physically close to the traumatic event.
.Feeling you were not in control.
.Having a lack of support after the event.

        What are the signs of posttraumatic stress disorder ?
​A wide variety of symptoms may be signs that you are experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder. The following are some of the most common symptoms of PTSD that you or those around you may have noticed:

.Feeling upset by things that remind you of what happened.
.Having nightmares, vivid memories, or flashbacks of the event that make you feel like it's happening all over again.
.Feeling emotionally cut off from others.
.Feeling numb or losing interest in things you used to care about.
.Feeling constantly on guard.
.Feeling irritated or having angry outbursts.
.Having difficulty sleeping.
.Having trouble concentrating.
.Being jumpy or easily startled.

It's not just the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, but also how you may react to them that can disrupt your life. You may:

.Frequently avoid places or things that remind you of what happened.
.Consistently drink or use drugs to numb your feelings.
.Consider harming yourself or others.
.Start working all the time to occupy your mind.
.Pull away from other people and become isolated.

      What is the treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder ?

.If you show signs of PTSD, you don't just have to live with it. In recent years, researchers have dramatically increased our understanding of what causes PTSD and how to treat it. Hundreds of thousands of veterans who served in the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard have gotten treatment for PTSD and found significant relief from their symptoms.

.Two types of treatment have been shown to be effective for treating PTSD: counseling and medication. Professional therapy or counseling can help you understand your thoughts and reactions and help you learn techniques to cope with challenging situations. Research has shown several specific types of counseling to be very effective for treating PTSD. Medications can also be used to reduce tension or irritability or to improve sleep. The class of medications most commonly used for PTSD is called "(selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors,)" but a doctor can work with you to figure out which medication works best for you.

   In therapy, learn how to respond differently to the thoughts    that used to get stuck in your head.

In just a few months, these treatments can produce positive and meaningful changes in your symptoms and quality of life. They can help you understand and change should you think about your trauma and how you react to stressful memories. You need to work with your doctor or counselor and try different types of treatments before finding the one that's best for dealing with your PTSD symptoms.

  What can I do if I think I have posttraumatic stress disorder ?

In addition to getting treatment, you can adjust your lifestyle to help relieve PTSD symptoms. For example, talking with other veterans who have experienced trauma can help you connect with and trust others; exercising can help reduce physical tension; and volunteering can help you reconnect with your community. You also can let your friends and family know when certain places or activities make you uncomfortable.

Whether you just returned from a deployment or have been home for 40 years or more, it's never too late to get professional treatment or support for posttraumatic stress disorder. Receiving counseling or treatment as soon as possible can keep your symptoms from getting worse. Veterans who did not realize they had PTSD for many years also have benefited from treatment that allow them to deal with their symptoms in new ways.

     We were always there for each other, and today is no different.

                                                                                        Semper Fi,

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